Question: Many people believe that scientific researches should be carried out and controlled by the governments rather than private companies. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
从提醒上来讲，这是一篇中规中矩的也是最常见的考题，因为它用了 To what extent do you agree or disagree 的问法。同学们在考场上有70%的可能都会遇到这样的题。首先第一点，我们来理解问题并选择保持中立还是一边倒。如果是一边倒的话，思路就非常的清晰，只需要向着一个方向说它的好处就行了。如果是中立的话，我们必须保证逻辑清楚，也就是说scientific researches can be carried out by both. 或者你可以分的更加细一点，指出哪些research可以controlled by government, 哪些可以carried out by private companies。这里呢，我们模拟同学们在考场上的心态，选择逻辑更简单清晰的一边倒模式。
比如说我赞成private companies be entitled to scientific researches，那么我们可以分段写这样的好处。在开始写之前要列一个大纲，水平高的可以在脑海中列一下。但大纲一定要有，千万不要想到那些到哪，这是永远不可能拿到7分的。比如Body1, 我写 private companies conduct researches could lead to more job opportunites. Body2, 我写private companies do researches could boost the economy. （注意：对于这种idea相近的段落，我们要避免内容上的重复。）
It is argued about whether governments should control scientific researches or private companies could be allowed to carry them on. In my opinion, I believe it is better to let private companies have the right to do scientific investigations.
In my view, enabling private companies to conduct researches would bring an advantage of more job opportunities. I believe there are countless corporations in the globe, whose number is much more than that of governments. Therefore, if scientific researches can only be carried out by governments, numerous talents in the realm of technology and engineering would find it very hard to seek jobs. This is because the available fund for doing researches coming from governments is limited, thus they could only employ finite number of researchers in this case. By contrast, if private companies could be eligible to do scientific investigations, much more job opportunities would be created for researchers, because different companies would have their own focuses on various field of investigations.
Furthermore, as far as I am concerned, entitling private companies to scientific researches would have another benefit of boosting the economy. Compared with government which may more concentrate on the realm of very high technology such as aerospace, I believe private companies have a better knowledge about market. Therefore, their scientific researches could focus more on how to provide excellent products which could be marketed at the fastest pace, and this, in my opinion, would definitely help to bring the prosperity of social economy, which is a more practical benefit for citizens.
In conclusion, I strongly agree that private companies should be allowed to carry out scientific researches.