Yellow is the most optimistic colour, yet surprisingly, people lose their tempers most often in yellow rooms and babies cry more in them. The reason may be that yellow is the hardest colour on the eye. On the other hand, it speeds metabolism and enhances concentration; think of yellow legal pads and post-it notes.
The uniquely scented flavor of vanilla is second only to chocolate in popularity on the world’s palate. It’s also the second most expensive spice after saffron. But highly labor intensive cultivation methods and the plant’s temperamental life cycle and propagation mean production on a global scale is struggling to keep up with the increasing demand for the product.
Ever since I remembered, father woke up at five thirty every morning, made breakfast for us all and read newspaper. After that he would go to work. He worked as a writer. It was a long time before I realize he did this for a living.
A young man from a small provincial town, a man without independent wealth, without powerful family connections and without a university education, moves to London in the late 1580's, and in a remarkably short time, became the greatest playwright. Not of his age alone but of all time. How is an achievement of this magnitude to be explained? How did Shakespeare become Shakespeare?
The semiconductor industry has been able to improve the performance of electric systems for more than four decades by making ever-smaller devices. However, this approach will soon encounter both scientific and technical limits, which is why the industry is exploring a number of alternative device technologies.
Pluto lost its official status as a planet yesterday, when the International Astronomical Union downsized the solar system from nine to eight planets. Although there had been passionate debate at the IAU General Assembly Meeting in Prague about the definition of a planet - and whether Pluto met the specifications - the audience greeted the decision to exclude it with applause.
Long isolated from Western Europe, Russia grew up without participating in the development like the Reformation that many Russians taking pride in their unique culture, find dubious value. Russia is, as a result, the most unusual member of European family, if indeed it is European at all. The question is still open to debate, particularly among Russians themselves.
8. Fast Food
Hundreds of millions of American people eat fast food every day without giving it too much thought, unaware of the subtle and not so subtle ramifications of their purchases. They just grab their tray off the counter, find a table, take a seat, unwrap the paper, and dig in. The whole experience is transitory and soon forgotten.
Before European explorers had reached Australia, it was believed that all swans were white. Dutch mariner, Antonie Caen, was the first to be amazed at the sight of Australia’s Black swans on the Shark Bay in 1636. Explorer Willem de Vlamingh captured two of these creatures on Australia’s Swan River and returned with them to Europe to prove their existence.
10. Grand Canyon
The Grand Canyon is 277 miles long, up to 18 miles wide and attains a depth of over a mile. While the specific geologic processes and timing that formed the Grand Canyon are the subject of debate by geologists, recent evidence suggests the Colorado River established its course through the canyon at least 17 million years ago.
11. Carbon Dioxide Emissions
When countries assess their annual carbon dioxide emissions, they count up their cars and power stations, but bush fires are not included presumably because they are deemed to be events beyond human control. In Australia, Victoria alone sees several hundred thousand hectares burn each year in both 2004 and the present summer, the figure has been over 1 million hectares.
1. The US ranks twenty-second in foreign aid, given it as a percentage of GDP.
2. Residents hall is closed prior to the academic building closing time at the end of the semester.
3. When demand for the course rose, university authorities took on additional academic stuff.
4. Meeting with mentors can be scheduled for students who require additional support.
5. No more than four people can be in the lab at once.
6. When demand for the course rose, university authorities took on additional academic.
7. The library is located on the other side of the campus behind the student center.
8. To answer this complex question with a simple yes or no is absolutely impossible.
9. Additional information can be accessed from the website.
10. 39.5% California residents don’t speak English at home.
11. Please sort and order the slides of the presentation according to public and speech time.
12. Organic food is growing without applying chemicals and artificial additives.
13. I would like tomato and cheese sandwich on with orange juice.
14. I used to have coffee with one sugar.
15. I didn’t understand the author’s point of view on immigration.
16. Number the beakers and put them away until tomorrow.
17. The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy.
18. Rules about breaks and lunch time vary from one company to next.
19. The psychology department is looking for volunteers to be involved in research projects.
20. The office opens on Monday and Thursday directly follow the freshman seminar.
2. 流程图也比较高频 请大家练熟
标题为：The United Arab Emirates’ Flag and Jordan’s Flag
1.Water on Mars
· In the past five years, the temperature ofMars has increased.
·The research conducted on the Mars indicatesthe prior existence of liquid water.
·The evidence is that researchers foundseveral elements which are essential to form water, such as calcium carbonate,salt, mineral, and perchlorate.
·Consequently, we can speculate that thereused to be water existed on Mars as liquid form and Mars may be a hospitableplanet long time ago.
This is akind of object that you’re probably all familiar with when you had the termrobot, but I’m gonna show you the very, very first robots. These were the veryfirst robots. They were characters in a play in the 1920s called Rossum’sUniversal Robots and they, the play was written by Czech writer called KarelCapek. And basically, these robots, you know, people tend to think of robots askind of cute cuddly toys or, you know, Hollywood depictions kind of devoid ofpolitics. But the first robots were actually created and imagined in a time ofabsolute political turmoil. You just had the First World War, you know, itfinished had a devastating impact across Europe and so people will kind andpeople are kind of reflecting on what does it mean to be human, what makes ushuman, those kinds of question. And this kind of context is what inspired Capekto kind of write this play. And interestingly, these robots being human, theyare actually in the play assembled on a production line, a bit like the Fordmanufacturing production line. So even though they are human, they areassembled and these robots are designed to labor, and that is their primarypurpose in society.
7. Brain Development
Summarise Written Text:
1.Cow and grass
The co-evolutionaryrelationship between cows and grass is one of nature's under-appreciated wonders;it also happens to be the key to understanding just about everything aboutmodern meat.
For the grasses, which have evolved to withstand the grazing of ruminants, thecowmaintains and expands their habitat by preventing trees and shrubs fromgaining a foothold and hogging the sunlight; theanimal also spreads grass seed, plants it with his hooves, and then fertilisesit with his manure.
In exchange for theseservices the grasses offer ruminants a plentiful and exclusive supply of lunch.For cows (like sheep, bison, and otherruminants) have evolved the special ability toconvert grass— which single-stomachedcreatures like us can't digest—into high-quality protein. They can do this because they possess what is surelythe most highly evolved digestive organ in nature: the rumen. About thesize of a medicine ball, the organ is essentially a forty-five-gallonfermentation tank in which a resident population of bacteria dines on grass.
The co-evolutionaryrelationship between cows and grass is a wonder, and grasses have evolved towithstand the grazing of ruminants, and cow maintains and expands theirhabitat, and cows have evolved the special ability to convert grass, andsingle-stomached creatures like us can't digest into high-quality proteinbecause they possess what is surely the most highly evolved digestive organ innature: the rumen.
2. Rosetta Stone
When the Rosetta Stone was discovered in 1799, the carved characters that covered its surfacewere quickly copied. Printers ink was applied to the Stone and whitepaper was laid over it. When the paper was removed, it revealed an exact copyof the text but in reverse. Since then, many copies or facsimiles have beenmade using a variety of materials. Inevitably, the surface of the Stone accumulated many layers ofmaterial left over from these activities, despite attempts to remove any residue. Once ondisplay, the grease from many thousands of human hands eager to touch the Stoneadded to the problem.
An opportunity for investigation and cleaning theRosetta Stone arose when this famous object was made the centerpiece of theCracking Codes exhibition at The British Museum in 1999. When work commenced to removeall but the original, ancient material, the stone was black with whitelettering. As treatment progressed, the different substances uncoveredwere analyzed. Grease from human handling, a coating of carnauba wax from theearly 1800s and printers ink from 1799 were cleaned away using cotton woolswabs and liniment of soap, white spirit, acetone and purified water. Finally,white paint in the text, applied in 1981, which had been left in place untilnow as a protective coating, was removed with cotton swabs and purified water.A small square at the bottom left corner of the face of the Stone was leftuntouched to show the darkened wax and the white infill.
The Rosetta Stone was discovered in 1799, the carvedcharacters that covered its surface were quickly copied, and the surface of theStone accumulated many layers of material left over from these activities,despite attempts to remove any residue, and when work commenced to remove allbut the original, ancient material, the stone was black with white lettering.
3. Compulsory voting
• Voting is very important to a country,and a strong and stable country relies on its people using their voting right.
• Australia are one of those countrieswhere every citizen should vote for their presidents.
• Yet, citizens often know very littleabout those candidates, thus they just choose the first one in the lists.
• Compulsory voting会强迫对选举(election)没有了解的人做出quickest and easiestchoice,
1.It is important to maintain a right balance of your work and other respects of one’slife such as family and leisure sport. What is your opinion about this? Discuss with appropriate examples.
2.Is it fair for universities to deduct students’ marks when their assignments are overdue? How to solve this problem?
3.Design of buildings have positive or negative impact on people’s life and work?
4.Experience is more effective and useful than books and formal education. What is your opinion?
5.How widely of you think the problem spreads that people spend too much time on work than their personal life and experience time shortage? What problems will itcause?
6.Younger employees have more skills, knowledge and more motivated than older employees.To what extent do you agree or disagree, support your argument with your own experience.
7.The advanced medical technology expands human’s life. Do you think it is a curse or blessing?
8.Study needs time, peace and comfort, whereas employment needs the same thing. Some one says it is impossible to combine those two because one distracts one another. Do you think this is realistic in our life today? To what extent do you agreewith it? Support your opinion with example.
9.Government promise continuous economic growth, but it’s actually an illusion. Some people think that governments should abandon this. Please talk about the validity and the implications.
10.Do you think cashless society is realisticand why? What are the advantages and disadvantages? (原题目中提到了use of credit card)
11.Governments and international institution are faced with many global problems. What these problems could be? Measure?
Fill in The Blanks:
Wind is air moving around. Some winds can move as fast as a racing car, over 100 miles an hour. Winds can travel around the world. Wind can make you feel cold because you lose heat from your body faster when it is windy Weather forecasters need to know the speed and direction of the wind. the strength of wind is measured using the Beaufort scale from wind force when there is no wind, to wind force 12 which can damage houses and buildings and is called hurricane force.
2. Burger King
Drive down any highway, and you’ll see a proliferation of chain restaurants — most likely, if you travel long and far enough, you’ll see McDonald’s golden arches as well as signs for Burger King, Hardee’s, and Wendy’s, the “big four” of burgers. Despite its name, though, Burger King has fallen short of claiming the burger crown, unable to surpass market leader McDonalds’s No. 1 sales status. Always the bridesmaid and never the bride, Burger King remains No. 2.
Worse yet, Burger King has experienced a six-year 22 percent decline in customer traffic, with its overall quality rating dropping while ratings for the other three contenders have increased. The decline has been attributed to inconsistent product quality and poor customer service. Although the chain tends to throw advertising dollars at the problem, an understanding of Integrated Marketing Communication theory would suggest that internal management problems (nineteen CEOs in fifty years) need to be rectified before a unified, long-term strategy can be put in place.
The importance of consistency in brand image and messages, at all levels of communication, has become a basic tenet of IMC theory and practice. The person who takes the customer’s order must communicate the same message as Burger King’s famous tagline, “Have it your way,” or the customer will just buss up the highway to a chain restaurant that seems more consistent and, therefore, more reliable.
3. Tomb of Tutank hamun
The last tourists may have been leaving the Valley of the Kings on the West Bank in Luxor but the area in front of the tomb of Tutankhamun remained far from deserted. Instead of the tranquillity that usually descends on the area in the evening it was a hive of activity. TV crews trailed masses of equipment, journalists milled and photographers held their cameras at the ready. The reason? For the first time since Howard Carter discovered the tomb in 1922 the mummy of Tutankhamun was being prepared for public display. Inside the subterranean burial chamber Egypt's archaeology supremo Zahi Hawass, accompanied by four Egyptologists, two restorers and three workmen, were slowly lifting the mummy from the golden sarcophagus where it has been rested -- mostly undisturbed – for more than 3,000 years. The body was then placed on a wooden stretcher and transported to its new home, a high- tech, climate-controlled plexi-glass showcase located in the outer chamber of the tomb where, covered in linen, with only the face and feet exposed, it now greets visitors.
I am a cyclist and a motorist. I fasten my seatbelt when I drive and wear a helmet on my bike to reduce the risk of injury. I am convinced that these are prudent safety measures. I have persuaded many friends to wear helmets on the grounds that transplant surgeons call those without helmets, "donors on wheels”. But a book on 'Risk’ by my colleague John Adams has made me re-examine my convictions.
Adams has completely undermined my confidence in these apparently sensible precautions. What he has persuasively argued, particularly in relation to seat belts, is that the evidence that they do what they are supposed to do is very suspect. This is in spite of numerous claims that seat belts save many thousands of lives every year. Between 1970 and 1978 countries in which the wearing of seat bells is compulsory had on average about five percent road accident death than before the introduction of law. In the United Kingdom road deaths decreased steadily about seven thousand a year in 1972 to just over four thousand in 1989. There is no evidence in the trend for any effect of the seat belt law that was introduced in 1983. there’s actually evidence that the number of cyclists and pedestals killed increased by about ten percent That twice as many children were killed in road accidents in 1922 as now must not be taken as evidence that there is less risk when children play in the street today It almost certainly reflects the care taken by parents in keeping children off the streets.
When Vijay Govindarajan and Christian Sarkar wrote a blog entry on Harvard Business Review in August 2010 mooting the idea of a “$300-house for they were merely expressing a suggestion.”
Of course, the idea we present here is an experiment,” wrote Prof Govindarajan, a professor of international business at the Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth and Mr Sarkar, a marketing consultant who works on environmental issues an almost apologetic disclaimer for having such a “far-out” idea.
Who could create a house for $300 and if it was possible, why hadn’t it been done before?
Nonetheless, they closed their blog with a challenge: “We ask chief executives, governments, NGOs, foundations: Are there any takers?”
Another common mistake is to ignore or rule out data which do not support the hypothesis. Ideally, the experimenter is open to the possibility that the hypothesis is correct or incorrect.
Sometimes, however, a scientist may have a strong belief that the hypothesis is true (or false) or feels internal or external pressure to get a specific result.
In that case, there may be a psychological tendency to find "something wrong," such as systematic effects, with data which do not support the scientist's expectations, while data which do agree with those expectations may not be checked as carefully.
The lesson is that all data must be handled in the same way.
3. Students Go Overseas
All over the world students are changing countries for their university studies.
They don’t all have the same reasons for going or for choosing a particular place to study.
They may choose a university because of its interesting courses or perhaps because they like the country and its language.
Some students go overseas because they love travel.
Whatever the reason, thousands of students each year make their dreams of a university education come true.
4. The European Union
The European Union has two big fish problems.
One is that, partly as a result of its failure to manage them properly, its own fisheries can no longer meet European demand.
The other is that its governments won’t confront their fishing lobbies and decommission all the surplus boats.
The EU has tried to solve both problems by sending its fishermen to West Africa. Since 1979 it has struck agreements with the government of Senegal, granting our fleets access to its waters.
As a result, Senegal’s marine ecosystem has started to go the same way as ours.
Ever since the completion of the Great Western Railway, in the 1840s, intrigue has swirled around the Box Tunnel, a long, steep bypass near Bath, England.
The question was this: did the railway’s creator, Isambard Kingdom Brunel, really have the tunnel carved in such a way that when the sun rose on his birthday—April 9th—it would be flooded with light?
This past Sunday, April 9th, the railway’s current engineers decided to test the rumor once and for all. They weren’t disappointed.
“When you look from the east portal, the cutting provides a lovely V-shape,” communications manager Paul Gentleman told the Guardian.
While the west side’s view wasn’t quite so impressive, the engineers generously chalked that up to centuries of dirt and grime.
Summarise Spoken Text:
When90’s comes around, more and more people could get online.
Thanks to UK, the invention of HTML allowed people to create a wide variety of works.
During the first decade, people created things like web pages and lessons without fears, religion, motivation or profitability
Because people can feel a sense of enjoyment through their creation
2. Vitamin D
Vitamin D is, in fact, a kind of hormonewhich can be ingested from dietary.
It is not necessary to ingest Vitamin D viafood only if it can be sufficiently absorbed from sunshine.
However, people have been migrating fromthe equator to other places where they need to put clothes on.
Therefore, more Vitamin D via food isneeded now as people’s skin are less exposed to sunshine.
3. Human Right in UK
This lecture mainly discussed the freehuman rights in UK.
During the second world war, UK was thefirst country that mentioned free rights among other countries.
It set up the baseline and minimumstandards.
The positive aspects of human rightsinclude right to marry and election. The negative aspects include sex andreligion.
Other aspects that UK government mentionedinclude voting, election, tourism and trading.
4. Global warming/climate change
Climate change has become a severe problem which caused by increased carbon dioxide and other discharge of the greenhouse emissions.
The increase of population, limited resources and poverty will accelerateenvironmental problem
People cannot take the risks of ignoring scientists’ prediction.
Commercial organisations and governments should take the responsibility and actions.
5. Amory Lovins (Mr Green)
A man named Amory. Nobody knows him in the classroom, He has a consulting companyand lives in a house built on a mountain.
He spent 30 years thinking about ways to save energy and solved problems withtechnologies that already existed.
People regarded him as genius. He has an unusual character with a wide range ofknowledge, but he's not an academic.
A female writer wrote a book about him named Mr. Green.
6. Ugly Buildings in London
The speaker mentioned some ugly buildings that can be seen in west London.
The negative impact of ugly architectures is more severe than bad books as theseawful buildings may exist for hundreds of years.
However,the architect doesn't think those buildings are ugly because different people have different aesthetic perceptions.
After all, beauty is in the eyes of the beholder.
7. Big Bang Theory – Cosmology
Studying the cosmology of the universe isamazing.
Big bang happened around ten to twentybillion years ago.
A recently detailed measure indicates thatbig bang happened around 13.8 billion years ago, instead of 13 or 14 billionyears.
The universe has been on a continuouschanging status ever since. Even when the universe started is known, we stillneed to understand how it developed.
Big bang believed that all distant galaxiesand clusters are receding away from our vantage point with an apparent velocityproportional to their distance.
8. Australian housing
Economic growth of the society
Affordable mortgage rates
Increased immigration leads to highernumber of housing required while suppliers remain unchanged.
Increased purchasing power of buyers.
Fill in the Blanks
1. Smart Card
Well in 2004 we integrated ticketing in South East Queensland, so we introduced a paper ticket that allowed you to travel across all the three modes in South East Queensland, so bus, train and ferry, and the second stage of integrated ticketing is the introduction of a Smart Card, and the Smart Card will enable people to store value so to put value on the card, and then to use the card for travelling around the system.
For all his fame and celebration, William Shakespeare remains a mysterious figure with regards to personal history. There are just two primary sources for information on the Bard: his works, and various legal and church documents that have survived from Elizabethan times. Naturally, there are many gaps in this body of information, which tells us little about Shakespeare the man.
A majority of U.S. high school students say they get bored in class every day, and more than one out of five has considered dropping out, according to a survey released on Wednesday. The survey of 81 ,000 students in 26 states found two-thirds of high school students complain of boredom, usually because the subject matter was irrelevant or their teachers didn't seem to care about them.（注：26写数字即可）
Now that story's been scotched, as only part of contingency planning. But it was a symptom of the dramatic turn of events in South Australia, and it flushed out other remarks from water academics and people like Tim Flannery, indicating that things were really much worse than had been foreshadowed, even earlier this year.
So is Adelaide, let alone some whole regions of South Australia, in serious bother? Considering that the vast amount of its drinking water comes from the beleaguered Murray, something many of us outside the State may not have quite realised. Is their predicament something we have to face up to as a nation?