When countries assess their annual carbon dioxide emissions, they count up their cars and power stations, but bush fires are not included presumably because they are deemed to be events beyond human control. In Australia, Victoria alone sees several hundred thousand hectares burn each year in both 2004 and the present summer, the figure has been over 1 million hectares.
Exhilarating, exhausting and intense, there are just some of the words used to describe doing an MBA, everyone's experience of doing MBA is, of course, different through denying that it's hard and demanding work whichever course you do. MBA is one of the fastest growing areas of studying in the UK so that must be a sustainable benefit against form in one pain.
3. Marketing Management
For any marketing course that requires the development of a marketing plan, such as Marketing Management, Marketing Strategy and Principles of Marketing, this is the only planning handbook that guides students through step by step creation of a customized marketing plan while offering commercial software to aid in the process.
The uniquely scented flavor of vanilla is second only to chocolate in popularity on the world’s palate. It’s also the second most expensive spice after saffron. But highly labor intensive cultivation methods and the plant’s temperamental life cycle and propagation mean production on a global scale is struggling to keep up with the increasing demand for the product.
The brain is divided into two hemispheres, called the left and right hemispheres. Each hemisphere provided a different set of functions, behaviours, and controls. The right hemisphere is often called the creative side of the brain, while the left hemisphere is the logical or analytic side of brain.
6. Introvert and extrovert
Introvert (or those of us with introverted tendencies) tends to recharge by spending time alone. They lose energy from being around people for long periods of time, particularly large crowds. extroverts, on tvhe other hand, gain energy from other people. Extroverts actually find their energy is sapped when they spend too much time alone. They recharge by being social.
7. Lenient Parents
Two sisters were at a dinner party when the conversation turned to upbringing. The elder sister started to say that her parents had been very strict and that she had been rather frightened of them. Her sister, younger by two years, interrupted in amazement. “What are you talking about?” she said. “Our parents were very lenient.”
Tourism is a challenging sector on which divides statistics since businesses serving tourists, also service local people. Therefore, it is not a straightforward to estimate how much business sectors' revenue and how many jobs are due to tourist expenditures.
Shrimp farmers used to hold animals in nursery ponds for 30 to 60 days; now they try to move them into grow-out ponds in less than 30 days. This reduces stress on the animals and dramatically increases survivals in the grow-out ponds. Many farms that abandoned nursery ponds have gone back to them, and the results have been surprisingly positive. They're using the old, uncovered, earthen, nursery ponds.
While blue is one of the most popular colours, it is one of the least appetizing. Blue food is rare in nature. Food researchers say that when humans searched for food, they learned to avoid toxic or spoiled objects, which were often blue, black, or purple. When food dyed blue is served to study subjects, they lose appetite.
1. All of our accommodations are within walking distance to the academic buildings.
2. Environmental friendliness is a new category in which campuses are competing.
3. I don't agree with the author's point of view, but his presentation is good.
4. I expect a long and stagnant debate for a week or two on this issue.
5. It is good for the environment also good for your bill.
6. Many privately-owned firms have been eaten up by larger corporations.
7. Much of the evidence been used has only recently become available.
8. Opposition to the government tax policies is widespread across business sectors.
9. Please explain what the author means by "sustainability".
10. Please pass the handouts along to the rest of the people in your row.
11. Students who wish to apply for an extension should approach their tutors.
12. The application form must be submitted before the end of term.
13. The module develops our understanding of the theory behind advertising campaign.
14. The most modern agricultural equipment is now extremely expensive.
15. The politics combine both the legislative and the political authorities.
16. The seminar will now take place once a week on Tuesday.
17. To measure distance could take as much as three weeks.
18. Vessels carry blood from the heart to other parts of the body.
19. Visual aids can make presentations clear and more interesting.
20. Would you please put the materials on the table?
标题为：The United Arab Emirates’ Flag and Jordan’s Flag
This is a kind of object that you’re probably all familiar with when you had the term robot, but I’m gonna show you the very, very first robots. These were the very first robots. They were characters in a play in the 1920s called Rossum’s Universal Robots and they, the play was written by Czech writer called Karel Capek. And basically, these robots, you know, people tend to think of robots as kind of cute cuddly toys or, you know, Hollywood depictions kind of devoid of politics. But the first robots were actually created and imagined in a time of absolute political turmoil. You just had the First World War, you know, it finished had a devastating impact across Europe and so people will kind and people are kind of reflecting on what does it mean to be human, what makes us human, those kinds of question. And this kind of context is what inspired Capek to kind of write this play. And interestingly, these robots being human, they are actually in the play assembled on a production line, a bit like the Ford manufacturing production line. So even though they are human, they are assembled and these robots are designed to labor, and that is their primary purpose in society.
2. Large Hadron Collider
Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world's largest particle accelerator lies in a tunnel. The LHC is a ring roughly 28km around that accelerates protons almost to the speed of light before colliding them head-on. Protons are particles found in the atomic nucleus, roughly one thousand-million-millionth of a meter in size. The LHC starts with a bottle of hydrogen gas, which is sent through an electric field to strip away the electrons, leaving just the protons. Electric and magnetic fields are the key to a particle accelerator.
3. Government Blogging
We normally see blogging as a two-way interaction, in which the blogger/author creates the content and the readers interact or challenge the author.
But the case will be much difficult when it comes to government, such as the White House.
Because people will become coarser and ride online,especially in the comment area.
Hence the governor blog may go wild and chaotic.
4. Water on Mars
In the past five years, the temperature of Mars has increased.
The research conducted on the Mars indicates the prior existence of liquid water.
The evidence is that researchers found several elements which are essential to form water, such as calcium carbonate, salt, mineral, and perchlorate.
Consequently, we can speculate that there used to be water existed on Mars as liquid form and Mars may be a hospitable planet long time ago.
6. Low Birth Rate
7. Loggerhead Sea Turtles
8. Children’s obesity
Summarise Written Text（部分）:
1. Tree rings (dendrochronology 树木年代学)
Here’s how tree ring dating, known to scientists as dendrochronology works. If you cut a tree down today, it’s straightforward to count the rings inwards, starting from the tree’s outside (corresponding to this year’s growth ring), and thereby to state that the 177th ring from the outermost one towards the centre was laid down in the year 2005 minus 177, or 1828. However, the widths of tree growth rings vary from year to year, depending on the rain or drought conditions in each year.
Hence the sequence of the rings in a tree cross-section is like a message in Morse code formerly used for sending telegraph messages; dot-dot-dash-dot-dash in the Morse code, wide-wide narrow-wide- narrow in the tree ring sequence. Actually the tree ring sequence is even more diagnostic and richer in information than the Morse code, because trees actually contain rings spanning many different width, rather than the Morse code choice between dot and dash.
Tree ring specialists (known as dendrochronologists) proceed by noting the sequence of wider and narrower rings in a tree cut down in a known recent year, and also noting the sequences in beams from trees cut down at various times in the past. They then match up and align the tree ring sequences with the same diagnostic wide/narrow patterns from different beams.
In that way, dendrochronologists have constructed tree ring records extending back for thousands of years in some parts of the world. Each record is valid for a geographic area whose extent depends on local weather patterns, because weather and hence tree growth patterns vary with location.
How tree ring dating is known as dendrochronology works, and the widths of tree growth rings vary from year to year, and the sequence of the rings is like a message in Morse code, and it is even more diagnostic and richer in information, and tree ring specialists proceed by noting the sequence of wider and narrower rings, and each record is valid for a geographic area whose extent depends on local weather patterns. (74 words)
2. Skipping breakfast
• Skipping breakfast will make metabolism slower and result in hypoglycemias.
• This is particularly detrimental to school children, because they may just imitate those adults to skip breakfast.
• What they only need is merely cereal and low fat milk as a complete breakfast.
• Babies一半会吃早餐，因为早上是最饿的时候，但是成年后有的人形成了不吃早餐的习惯（once kids reach school age, it becomes a learned experience rather than instinct）
3. Electric car
Here's a term you're going to hear much more often: plug-in vehicle, and the acronym PEV. It's what you and many other people will drive to work in, ten years and more from now. At that time, before you drive off in the morning you will first unplug your car - your plugin vehicle. Its big on board batteries will have been fully charged overnight, with enough power for you to drive 50-100 kilometers through city traffic.
When you arrive at work you'll plug in your car once again, this time into a socket that allows power to flow form your car's batteries to the electricity grid. One of the things you did when you bought your car was to sign a contract with your favorite electricity supplier, allowing them to draw a limited amount of power from your car's batteries should they need to, perhaps because of a blackout, or very high wholesale spot power prices. The price you get for the power the distributor buys from your car would not only be most attractive to you, it would be a good deal for them too, their alternative being very expensive power form peaking stations. If, driving home or for some other reason your batteries looked like running flat, a relatively small, but quiet and efficient engine running on petrol, diesel or compressed natural gas, even bio-fuel, would automatically cut in, driving a generator that supplied the batteries so you could complete your journey.
Concerns over 'peak oil', increasing greenhouse gas emissions, and the likelihood that by the middle of this century there could be five times as many motor vehicles registered worldwide as there are now, mean that the world's almost total dependence on petroleum-based fuels for transport is, in every sense of the word, unsustainable.
Plug-in vehicle, known as the acronym PEV, is what you and many other people will drive to work in ten years and more from now, it will be unplugged before driving off, and its big onboard batteries will have been fully charged overnight, and you will plug in your car into a socket, and there will be an engine running if batteries was running flat, and petroleum-based fuels for transport is unsustainable. (72 words)
4. Parents control their children’s TV watching
Why and to what extent should parents control their children’s TV watching? There is certainly nothing inherently wrong with TV. The problem is how much television a child watches and what effect it has on his life. Research has shown that as the amount of time spent watching TV goes up, the amount of time devoted not only to homework and study but other important aspects of life such as social development and physical activities decreases.
Television is bound to have it tremendous impact on a child, both in terms of how many hours a week he watches TV and of what he sees. When a parent is concerned about the effects of television, he should consider a number of things: what TV offers the child in terms of information and knowledge, how many hours a week a youngster his age should watch television, the impact of violence and sex, and the influence of commercials.
What about the family as a whole? Is the TV set a central piece of furniture in your home! Is it flicked on the moment someone enters the empty house? Is it on during the daytime? Is it part of the background noise of your family life? Do you demonstrate by your own viewing that television should be watched selectively?
Parents should control their children’s TV watching because how much television a child watches and what effect it has on his life, and when a parent is concerned about the effects of television, he should consider a number of things: what TV offers the child in terms of information and knowledge, how many hours a week a youngster his age should watch television, the impact of violence and sex, and the influence of commercials.
Malaysia is one of the most pleasant, hassle-free countries to visit in Southeast Asia. Aside from its gleaming 21st century glass towers, it boasts some of the most superb beaches, mountains and national parks in the region. Malaysia is also launching its biggest-ever tourism campaign in effort to lure 20 million visitors here this year.
Any tourist itinerary would have to begin in the capital, Kuala Lumpur, where you will find the Petronas Twin Towers, which once comprised the worlds tallest buildings and now hold the title of second-tallest. Both the 88-story towers soar 1,480 feet high and are connected by a sky-bridge on the 41st floor. The limestone temple Batu Caves, located 9 miles north of the city, have a 328-foot-high ceiling and feature ornate Hindu shrines, including a 141-foot-tall gold- painted statue of a Hindu deity. To reach the caves, visitors have to climb a steep flight of 272 steps. In Sabah state on Borneo island not to be confused with Indonesias Borneo you'll find the small mushroom-shaped Sipadan island, off the coast of Sabah, rated as one of the top five diving sites in the world. Sipadan is the only oceanic island in Malaysia, rising from a 2,300-foot abyss in the Celebes Sea. You can also climb Mount Kinabalu, the tallest peak in Southeast Asia, visit the Sepilok Orang Utan Sanctuary, go white-water rafting and catch a glimpse of the bizarre Proboscis monkey, a primate found only in Borneo with a huge pendulous nose, a characteristic pot belly and strange honking sounds.
While you're in Malaysia, consider a trip to Malacca. In its heyday, this southern state was a powerful Malay sultanate and a booming trading port in the region. Facing the Straits of Malacca, this historical state is now a place of intriguing Chinese streets, antique shops, old temples and reminders of European colonial powers. Another interesting destination is Penang, known as the Pearl of the Orient. This island off the northwest coast of Malaysia boasts of a rich Chinese cultural heritage, good food and beautiful beaches.
Malaysia is one of the most pleasant, hassle-free countries to visit in Southeast Asia, and any tourist itinerary would have to begin in the capital, Kuala Lumpur, and Sipadan is the only oceanic island in Malaysia, and you can also climb Mount Kinabalu, and Malacca was a powerful Malay sultanate and a booming trading port in the region, and Penang boasts of a rich Chinese cultural heritage, good food and beautiful beaches.
6. Nobel Peace Prize
This year’s Nobel Peace Prize justly rewards the thousands of scientists of the United Nations Climate Change Panel (the IPCC). These scientists are engaged in excellent, painstaking work that establishes exactly what the world should expect from climate change.
The other award winner, former US Vice President Al Gore, has spent much more time telling us what to fear. While the IPCC’s estimates and conclusions are grounded in careful study, Gore doesn’t seem to be similarly restrained.
Gore told the world in his Academy Award-winning movie (recently labeled “one-sided” and containing “scientific errors” by a British judge) to expect 20-foot sea-level rises over this century. He ignores the findings of his Nobel co-winners, the IPCC, who conclude that sea levels will rise between only a half-foot and two feet over this century, with their best expectation being about one foot. That’s similar to what the world experienced over the past 150 years.
Likewise, Gore agonizes over the accelerated melting of ice in Greenland and what it means for the planet, but overlooks the IPCC’s conclusion that, if sustained, the current rate of melting would add just three inches to the sea level rise by the end of the century. Gore also takes no notice of research showing that Greenland’s temperatures were higher in 1941 than they are today.
Gore also frets about the future of polar bears. He claims they are drowning as their icy habitat disappears. However, the only scientific study showing any such thing indicates that four polar bears drowned because of a storm.
The politician-turned-movie maker loses sleep over a predicted rise in heat-related deaths. There’s another side of the story that’s inconvenient to mention: rising temperatures will reduce the number of cold spells, which are a much bigger killer than heat. The best study shows that by 2050, heat will claim 400,000 more lives, but 1.8 million fewer will die because of cold. Indeed, according to the first complete survey of the economic effects of climate change for the world, global warming will actually savelives.
This year’s Nobel Peace Prize winner is the former US Vice President Al Gore, and Gore told the world in his Academy Award-winning movie to expect 20-foot sea-level rises over this century, and Gore agonises over the accelerated melting of ice in Greenland, and Gore agonises over the accelerated melting of ice in Greenland, and global warming will actually save lives. (64 words)
1. Government should create better network of public transport available for everyone or build more roads owning population.
2. How widely of you think the problem spreads that people spend too much time on work than their personal life and experience time shortage? What problems will it cause?
3. Whether experiential learning (learning by doing) can work well in formal education. Do you agree or disagree?
4. Governments and international institution are faced with many global problems.
What these problems could be? Measure?
5. The advanced medical technology expands human’s life. Do you think it is a curse or blessing?
6. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of differential education, i.e. splitting students into different classes according to their academic performance.
7. Computer and online games should be banned to students in schools as they have no educational value. What’s your opinion?
8. The kind of a person’s life depends on his or her personality. What’s your opinion of this, and use your own experience as an example.
9. The primary purpose of any business, whether small or big, not for change society or save the planet but for maximize the profits. How far do you agree with this statement? Give the reasons and examples of your view.
10. The lazy journalism has become commonplace in today’s digitalized world. Explain what is it and the cause of it. How do you define “lazy” journalism and what is the cause?
11. Do you think cashless society is realistic and why? What are the advantages and disadvantages?
Fill in The Blanks（部分）:
1. Impressionist painters
Impressionist painters were considered radical in their time because they broke many of the rules of picture-making set by earlier generations. They found many of their subjects in life around them rather than in history, which was then the accepted source of subject matter.
2. Dairy Farms
A few summers ago I visited two dairy farms, Huls Farm and Gardar Farm, which despite being located thousands of miles apart were still remarkably similar in their strengths and vulnerabilities. Both were by far the largest, most prosperous, most technologically advanced farms in their respective districts. In particular, each was cantered around a magnificent state-of-the-art barn for sheltering and milking cows. Those structures, both neatly divided into opposite-facing rows of cow stalls, dwarfed all other barns in the district. Both farms let their cows graze outdoors in lush pastures during the summer, produced their own hay to harvest in the late summer for feeding the cows through the winter, and increased(gained) their production of summer fodder and winter hay by irrigating their fields.
3. Great Barrier Reef
The ocean floor is home to many unique communities of plants and animals. Most of these marine ecosystems are near the water surface, such as the Great Barrier Reef, a 2,000km long coral formation off the northeaster coast of Australia. Coral reefs, like nearly all complex living communities, depend on solar energy for growth (photosynthesis). The sun’s energy, however, penetrates at most only about 300m below the surface of the water. The relatively shallow penetration of solar energy and the sinking of cold, sub-polar water combine to make most of the deep ocean floor a frigid environment with few life forms.
In 1977, scientists discovered hot springs at a depth of 2.5km, on the Galapagos Rift (spreading ridge) off the coast of Ecuador. This exciting discovery was not really a surprise. Since the early 1970s, scientists had predicted that hot springs (geothermal vents) should be found at the active spreading centres along the mid-oceanic ridges, where magma, at temperatures over 1,000°C, presumably was being erupted to form new oceanic crust. More exciting, because it was totally unexpected, was the discovery of abundant and unusual sea life – giant tube worms, huge clams, and mussels – that thrived around the hot springs.
4. Burger King
Drive down any highway, and you’ll see a proliferation of chain restaurants — most likely, if you travel long and far enough, you’ll see McDonald’s golden arches as well as signs for Burger King, Hardee’s, and Wendy’s, the “big four” of burgers. Despite its name, though, Burger King has fallen short of claiming the burger crown, unable to surpass market leader McDonalds’s No. 1 sales status. Always the bridesmaid and never the bride, Burger King remains No. 2.
Worse yet, Burger King has experienced a six-year 22 percent decline in customer traffic, with its overall quality rating dropping while ratings for the other three contenders have increased. The decline has been attributed to inconsistent product quality and poor customer service. Although the chain tends to throw advertising dollars at the problem, an understanding of Integrated Marketing Communication theory would suggest that internal management problems (nineteen CEOs in fifty years) need to be rectified before a unified, long-term strategy can be put in place.
The importance of consistency in brand image and messages, at all levels of communication, has become a basic tenet of IMC theory and practice. The person who takes the customer’s order must communicate the same message as Burger King’s famous tagline, “Have it your way,” or the customer will just buss up the highway to a chain restaurant that seems more consistent and, therefore, more reliable.
5. The Texas Cosmology Centre
A new interdisciplinary centre for the study of the frontiers of the universe, from the tiniest subatomic particle to the largest chain of galaxies, has been formed at The University of Texas at Austin. The Texas Cosmology Centre will be a way for the university's departments of Astronomy and Physics to collaborate on research that concerns them both.
“This centre will bring the two departments together in an area where they overlap--in the physics of the very early universe,” said Dr. Neal Evans, Astronomy Department chair. Astronomical observations have revealed the presence of dark matter and dark energy, discoveries that challenge our knowledge of fundamental physics. And today's leading theories in physics involve energies so high that no Earth-bound particle accelerator can test them. They need the universe as their laboratory.
Dr. Steven Weinberg, Nobel laureate and professor of physics at the university, called the Centre’s advent “a very exciting development” for that department.
6. Egg-eating Snakes
Egg-eating snakes are a small group of snakes whose diet consists only of eggs. Some eat only small eggs, which they have to swallow whole, as the snake has no teeth. Instead, some other snakes eat bigger eggs, but it requires special treatment. These snakes have spines that stick out from the backbone. The spines crack the egg open as it passes through the throat.
7. Thea Proctor
Thea Proctor was just sixteen when her entry at the Bowral Art Competition caught the eye of the judge, Arther Streeton. It was the first of many associations with art world recruits. The next year saw her at the Julian Ashton Art School in the illustrious company of Elioth Gruner, Sydney Long and George Lambert, for whom she often posed and who remained her great friend until his death in 1930. Lambert's paintings and sketches of Proctor emphasize the elegance of her dress. A keen interest in fashion was just one aspect of her fascination with design, and she saw herself as an early style guru on a quest to rid Australian art of "it's lack of imagination and inventive design." Skilled in watercolors and drawings, Proctor did not limit herself to paper, canvases or her popular magazine illustrations; she designed theatre sets and a restaurant interior and wrote on a range of subjects from flower arranging to the colors of cars. It made for a busy and varied life but, as she said, she was not the sort of person "who could sit at home and knit socks.
1. Ne Tam (Monash student)
Mechanical engineering student Ne Tam is spending the first semester of this year studying at the University of California, Berkeley as part of the Monash Abroad program.
Ne, an international student from Shanghai, China, began her Monash journey at Monash Collage in October 2006.
There she completed a diploma that enabled her to enter Monash University as a second-year student.
Now in her third year of study, the Monash Abroad program will see her complete four units of study in the US before returning to Australia in May 2009.
2. Early Rails
Early rails were used on horse drawn wagon way, originally with wooden rails, but from the 1760s using strap-iron rails, which consisted of thin strips of cast iron fixed onto wooden rails.
These rails were too fragile to carry heavy loads, but because the initial construction cost was less, this method was sometimes used to quickly build an inexpensive rail line.
However, the long-term expense involved in frequent maintenance outweighed any savings.
These were superseded by cast iron rails that were flanged and with the wagon wheels flat.
An early proponent of this design was Benjamin Outram. His partner William Jessop preferred the use of "edge rails" in 1789 where the wheels were flanged and, over time, it was realised that this combination worked better.
The first steel rails were made in 1857 by Robert Forester Mushet, who laid them at Derby station in England. Steel is a much stronger material, which steadily replaced iron for use on railway rail and allowed much longer lengths of rails to be rolled.
3. Stem cells
Embryonic stem cells are valued by scientists because the cells‘ descendant can turn into any other sort of body cell.
These stem cells have been found in tissues such as the brain, bone marrow, blood, blood vessels, skeletal muscles, skin, and the liver.
They might thus be used as treatments for diseases that require the replacement of a particular, lost cell type.
Some example cited for a possible treatment using these cells are diabetes, motor neuron disease and Parkinson‘s disease.
4. Fruit and Vegetable Intake
Fruit and vegetable intake is important for the prevention of future chronic disease. So it's important to know whether intakes of teens are approaching national objectives for fruit and vegetable consumption.
Larson and colleagues from the University of Minnesota undertook the study to examine whether or not teens in the state were increasing their intake of fruits and vegetables.
The study gathered information about fruit and vegetable intake among 944 boys and 1.161 girls in 1999 and again in 2004.
Teens in middle adolescence are eating fewer fruits and vegetables than in 1999. Larson and colleagues found.
This is giving us the message that we need new and enhanced efforts to increase fruit and vegetable intake that we haven't been doing in the past.
Historical records, coins, and other date-bearing objects can help - if they exist. But even prehistoric sites contain records - written in nature's hand.
The series of strata in an archaeological dig enables an excavator to date recovered objects relatively, if not absolutely.
However, when archaeologists want to know the absolute date of a site, they can often go beyond simple stratigraphy.
For example, tree rings, Dendrochronology (literally, ―tree time‖) dates wooden artefacts by matching their ring patterns to known records, which, in some areas of the world, span several thousand years.
6. Sustainable Development
Whatever happened to the idea of progress and a better future? I still believe both.
The Brundtland Report, our Common Future (1987) defines sustainable development as” development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Implicit in this definition is the idea that the old pattern of development could not be sustained. Is this true?
Development in the past was driven by growth and innovation. It led to new technologies and huge improvements in living standards.
When Vijay Govindarajan and Christian Sarkar wrote a blog entry on Harvard Business Review in August 2010 mooting the idea of a “$300-house for they were merely expressing a suggestion.”
Of course, the idea we present here is an experiment,” wrote Prof Govindarajan, a professor of international business at the Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth and Mr Sarkar, a marketing consultant who works on environmental issues an almost apologetic disclaimer for having such a “far-out” idea.
Who could create a house for $300 and if it was possible, why hadn’t it been done before?
Nonetheless, they closed their blog with a challenge: “We ask chief executives, governments, NGOs, foundations: Are there any takers?”
Summarise Spoken Text (部分):
1. Global warming/climate change
Climate change has become a severe problem which caused by increased carbon dioxide and other discharge of the greenhouse emissions.
The increase of population, limited resources and poverty will accelerate environmental problem
People cannot take the risks of ignoring scientists’ prediction.
Commercial organisations and governments should take the responsibility and actions.
2. Australian housing
Economic growth of the society
Affordable mortgage rates
Increased immigration leads to higher number of housing required while suppliers remain unchanged.
Increased purchasing power of buyers.
3. Environmental law
British government launched the environmental law long before at the time of Charles the Second in order to control the impact of human activities on environment.
However, the enforcement of environmental law was not well-established.
Later, during the time of Industrial Revolution, British government reinforced the environment law to punish those companies who applied the Adam Smith theory to increase their profitability.
Managers were unsatisfied, because companies had to pay more money to ensure the health of their employees under the environmental law, which made companies less competitive in the market.
4. Structure of DNA
The structure of DNA allows us to analyze effects of genes.
Genes cannot only determine our physical features but also psychological and physical behaviors.
By integrating information form neuroscience, we can have a deep knowledge about genes.
5. Citizenship Curriculum
Last month I published alongside my annual report a subject report on the development of citizenship in schools. The report celebrates the success of some schools in implementing the citizenship curriculum. It praises those schools where there have been substantial developments in the subject, and which now go a long way towards fulfilling national curriculum requirements. In the report, we are critical of schools which have not taken citizenship seriously, either through reluctance or lack of capacity to make appropriate provision in the curriculum.
Citizenship is marginalized in the curriculum in one-fifth of schools. It is less well established in the curriculum than other subjects, and less well taught and some critics have seized on this as a reason for wanting to step back from supporting it.Yet, the progress made to date by the more committed schools suggests that the reasons for introducing citizenship are both worthwhile and can be fulfilled, given the time and resources. Indeed, those reasons are given added weight by national and global events of the past few months. While not claiming too much, citizenship can address core skills, attitudes, and values that young people need to consider as they come to terms with a changing world.
The main problems standing in the way of implementation of citizenship continue to be: the lack of commitment on the part of many school leaders; an insufficient amount of initial and in-service training provision to ensure that every school can call upon teachers with subject expertise; and its uncertain place in the curriculum.
6. A female writer
She had been writing non-fiction for years, but she always desired to be a novelist.
She has never regretted, because she believed it was the right thing for her to do.
She was encouraged by a famous pioneer.
Finally, she started writing novel in 1990, and in 1992, the first chapter named ‘the Secret Life of Bees’ of her first novel was finished.
Relationship between fault planes and earth quakes.
The focus of the earthquake, ‘hypocentre’ is located beneath the crust of earth’s interior.
Through looking at the fault plane, we are able to locate and determine the position of the epicentre which is vertically above the focus on the earth’s surface.
Faults are fractures on the earth’s crust.
The vertical fault movements through the hypocentre generate seismic waves and earthquakes occur.
8. Indian peasants’ debts
Because of globalisation and patent, Indian peasants have to buy seeds from those companies that monopolise the market.
Peasants have to keep on using pesticide produced from these companies for the growth of the corps.
The agriculture products’ price is continuously decreasing, while the price of seeds and pesticide has increased by 4000 percent in the past 5 years.
Thus peasants have to borrow money from the companies, which eventually makes them unable to feed themselves and some of them more under pressure.