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PTE听力技能——缩写

发布时间:2019-06-06 15:44:40

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在PTE的听力项目中,比如:summary spoken text ,因为篇幅较长,记笔记成了我们必须要做的功课。今天我们就来总结一下那些记笔记的技巧。 虽然每个人记笔记的方式都不一样,但由于PTE考试时间紧张,如何快速缩写成了我们必学的一个新课题。从大体上来说,一般有4种缩写的方式:


第一种:去掉元音剩辅音,比如:

·      science: SCNC

·      message: MSG

·      market: MKT

·      standard: STD

·      receive: RCV

·      text: TXT


第二种:对于较长的单词,我们可以把后面的去掉保留前几个字母,比如:

·      knowledge: KNO

·      psychological: PSY

·      geological: GEO

·      information: INFO

·      insurance: INS

·      exchange: EXC

·      corporation: CORP.


第三种:保留开头和结尾,比如:

·      week: WK

·      people: PL

·      room: RM


第四种: 根据发音缩写,比如:

·      you: U

·      through: THRU

·      though: THO


下面是一些常用单词缩写的整理:

APT      Apartment

ACC      Accountant

ACDG     According

ACPT     Accept

ADS      Address

ADV      Advice

AMT      Amount

APV      Approve

BAL      Balance

BLDG     Building

CERSST     Certificate

CFM       Conform

CNCL    Cancel

CNF     Conference

CMI     Commission

CMP     Complete

CMU    Communication

COND    Condition

CO.      Company

DEPT     Department

DISC     Discount

DPT      Departure

EXCH     Exchange

EXPLN    Explain

EXT      Extent

FLT        Flight

FNT        Final

FRT        Freight

GD         Good

GUAR       Guarantee

H.O.      Home office

INFO   Information

IMPS    Impossible

IMP(T)  Important

INCD    Include

INDIV   Individual

INS     Insurance

INTST    Interested

I/O     In stead of

IOU     I owe you

IVO     In view of

MANUF   Manufacture

MDL     Model

MEMO    Memorandum

MGR     Manger

MIN     Minimum

MKT     Market

MSG     Message

NCRY    Necessary

NLT   No later than

OBS       Observe

OBT       Obtain

ORD       Ordinary

PAT       Patent

PC        Piece

PKG       Packing

PL        People

PLS       Please

POSN      Position

POSS(BL)  Possible

PROD      Product

QLTY      Quality

QUTY      Quantity

RCV       Receive

REF       Reference

REGL      Regular

REP   Representative

RESN   Reservation

RPT    Repeat

RESPON   Responsible

SEC      Section

SITN     Situation

STD      Standard

TEL      Telephone

TEMP     Temporary

TGM      Telegraph

THO      Though

TKS      Thanks

TRD      Trade

TRF      Traffic

TTL       Total

U         You

UR        Your

WK        Week

WL        Will

WT      Weight

XL     Extra large(整理编辑自百度文库)



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